MECHANICAL UNIVERSAL TESTING MACHINES



Features :
Loading accuracy as high as ±1 %
Straining rate to cover a wide range of materials.
Motorised loading and unloading.
High reading accuracy due to large size and design diel.
Simple control to facilitate ease of operation.
Fully enclosed and protected load measuring system.
Wide range of standard and special accessories including load stabilizer.
Robust straining frame.
High reading accuracy due to large size and design diel.
Motorised UP/DOWN movement of lower crosshead to enable easy and rapid fixing of test specimen.

Application :
Universal Testing Machine is designed to perform Tensile, Compression, Bending and shear tests on metal & Other materials both in the form of test pieces and as finished products.

Principle of operation :
The test specimen is subjected to load with hydraulic system and is measured precisely with pendulum dynamometer.
Load is applied by a hydrostatically lubricated ram.The oil pressure in the main cylinder is transmitted to the cylinder of the pendulum dynamometer housed in the control panel, the dynamometer piston exerts a force proportionate to the hydraulic pessure.This force is transferred through a leverage system to a pendulum. Displacement of pendulum actuates the rack and pinion mechanism which operates the load indicating pointer. Return movement of pendulum is effec- tively damped to absorb energy in the event of sudden breakage of specimen.
Machine comprises ofthe following:

Strainung Unit :
This consists of a hydraulic cylinder & piston mounted on a robust base. The loading frame consists of an upper crosshead, middle crosshead and lower table. The upper crosshead and lower table is connected by means of two plain hard chrome plated columns. The middle cross head is fitted on two hard chrome plated threaded columns. A reduction gear motor drives the chain and sprockets fixed at the bottom of the threaded columns for height adjust- men!.
The cylinder and ram is individually lapped to eliminate friction.Axial loading of the system is ensured by provision of a ball seating under the lowertable.
An elongation scale with least count of 1 mm is provided for measurement of deformation on various samples.
Tensile test is conducted by gripping the test specimen between the upper and middle crosshead.Compression, Transverse, Bending and Shear tests are conducted between the Shear tests are conducted between the middle crosshead and the lower table.

Control Panel :
The control panel consists of the hydraulic system .complete with drive motor, oil sump, pendulum dynamometer and the load indicating system.

Hydraulic System :
The power pack has a directly driven pump which generates a maximum pressure of 200 kgf/cm2. he hydraulic pump producs a continuous non- pulsating oil flow. Hence the load application is very smooth. Oil filter, oil stranier, air breather, oil level indicator and drain plug is provided in the power pack. A pressure compensated flow to the main cylinder. This maintains constant rate of piston movement andhence straining rate is kept constant. This valve is hand operated and gives infinitely variable oil flow to obtain different rates of straining.

Pendulum Dynamometer :
The oil pressure in the main cylinder actuates the special dynamometer system. Pressurised oil in the loading cylinder pushes up the measuring piston proportionately and deflects the pendulum. The piston is constantly rotated to eliminate friction. The system has effective damping arrangement to ensure smooth return of pendulum aftersudden breakage of test piece. This unit permits selection of favourable hydraulic ratios producing relatively small frictional forces.

Load Indicating System :
This system consists of a large dial and a pointer. Displacement of pendulum actuates the rack and pinion mechanism, which operates the load indicating .pointer. The pointer moves over a large dial indicating the load. A dummy pointer is provided toregister the maximum load reached during the test. Window type dial is provided for easy and clear changing of load range.

Load / Elongation Recording System :
A continuous roll ( A strip chart) type load-elongation recorder is provided for plotting load-elongation graph. Horizontal movement of the rack produces load ordinate of the diagram and drum rotation to elonga-tion ordinate, in the ratio of either 1:5 or 1:10.

Electronic Universal Testing Machine :
Construction : AI make electronic Universal Testing machines comprise of
a) Loading Unit
b) Measuring Control Panel
a) Loading Unit : This is similar to standard loading unit of analogue type universal testing machin. In addition to standard features of regular loading unit, a ROTARY ENCODER is attached to the hydraulic ram to get accurate displacement of the ram.
b) Measuring Control Panel : This includes,

Specifications :

Model
Units
UTE-10
UTE-20
UTE-40
UTE-60
UTE-100
UTE-200
UTE-300
Maximum Capacity
VK
100
200
400
600
1000
2000
3000
Measuring Range
kN
0-100
0-200
0-400
0-600
0-1000
0-2000
0-3000
Load Revolution (20,000 counts full scale)
N
5
10
20
30
50
100
150
Load Range with Accuracy of measurement +1.0%
kN
2 to 100
4 to 200
8 to 400
12 to 600
20 to 1000
40 to 2000
60 to 3000
Resolution of piston movement (Displacement)
mm
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
Clearance for tensile at fully descended working piston
mm
50-700
50-700
50-700
50-800
50-850
50-900
50-900
Clearanc for cbmpression test at fully descended working piston
mm
0-700
0-700
0-700
0-800
0-850
0-900
0-900
Clearanc between columns.
mm
500
500
500
600
750
850
850
Ram Stroke
mm
150
200
200
250
250
300
300
Straining/piston speed (at no load)
mm / mm
0-300
0-150
0-150
0-100
0-80
0-45
0-50
CONNECTED LOAD
 
Power
kW
1.0
1.0
1.7
1.9
2.6
4.9
6.4
V
400-440
400-440
400-440
400-440
400-440
400-440
400-440
Ø
3
3
3
3
3
3
 
DIMENSIONS
LxWxH (approx.)
mm
2032 X 750 X 1960
2032 X 750 X 1960
2060 X 750 X 2180
2265 X 750 X 2534
2415 X 815 X 2900
3000 X 1200X 3600
3500 X 1900 X 4550
WEIGHT (approx.)
kg.
1500
1500
2500
3500
5500
9500
15,000
STANDARD ACCESSORIES
FOR TENSION TEST
Clamping jaws for round specimens of Diameters.
mm
10-20
20-30
10-20
20-30
10-25
25-40
10-25
25-40
40-55
10-25
25-45
45-70
10-40
40-60
60-80
25-50
50-70
70-90
Clamping jaws for flat specimens of thickness.
mm
0-10
10-20
0-10
10-20
0-15
15-30
0-15
15-30
0-22
22-44
44-65
0-20
20-45
45-70
0-25
25-50
50-75
width
mm
50
50
65
70
70
90
100
FOR COMPRESSION TEST
Pair of compression plates of dia.
mm
120
120
120
120
160
220
220
FOR TRANSVERSE TEST
Table with adjustable rollers width of rollers.
mm
160
160
160
160
160
200
200
Diameter of rollers mm 30 30 30 50 50 70 70
Maximum clearance between supports
mm
500
500
500
600
800
900
1000
Radius of punch tops
mm
6.12
6.12
12.16
16.22
16.22
30.40
50.75

SPECIAL ACCESSORIES :
These include load stabilizer, Brinell Test Attachment, bend test attachment, shear test attachment and a wide range accessories offered on request at an additional cost.

INSTALLATION :
It is recommended that machines be erected on a foundation Details of foundation can be given on request.

Due to constant R & D, specifications and features are subject to change without



CONTACT US

Office : A - G - 06, Sterling Tower, Near Gavat Mandai, Shahupuri, Kolhapur - 416 001,
Maharashtra, India.
Telefax. : +91 - 231 - 2666195
Mobile : +91 - 9503168526
Factory : Gat No. -287, Mauje - Vadgaon
Tal. - Hatkangle, Dist: Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India.

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